Bully Ratings Controversy Sparks Criticism of MPAA System

Categories: Film and TV
The controversial documentary Bully opens at Harkins Camelview on Friday, April 13.
Here's the thing about American film ratings systems: They've never been particularly consistent or logical.

Consider Kate Winslet's breasts, which will be revisiting a theatre near you beginning this week in James Cameron's 3D reinvention of Titanic. Access to a teenage audience (of the sort who could best appreciate Leonardo DiCaprio's distinctly unthreatening masculinity - yep, this is pretty much how we have Justin Bieber) was crucial to Titanic's unprecedented box office success.

 But that PG-13 rating doesn't quite jive with Winslet's nude scene
(this isn't Europe, people). Framing this nudity in the context of art ("I want you to draw me like one of your French girls") allowed the film to just squeak by - and allowed parents across the country to drop off their middle-schoolers at the theater.

It's this system - built on a shaky history of capitulation, defiance, and flexing to accommodate cultural norms and profits potential - that bestowed a PG-13 rating on The Hunger Games, with its graphic depiction of violence against minors in a fictional world, while Bully, a documentary about violence against minors in our world, warranted a dismissive R.

How did we get here? 

It starts in the 1930s: Under mounting pressure following more than a decade of scandalously "immoral" Hollywood cinema, the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (later renamed the Motion Picture Association of America, the MPAA we know today) adopted what was popularly called the "Hays Code," after well-known censor Will H. Hays.

 This code, which prohibited things like "ridicule of the clergy" and "sex hygiene and venereal diseases," was around until 1968, when the MPAA adopted the ratings system (centered around protecting those under 17) we know today.

If producer Harvey Weinstein has his way, 2012 may be the new 1968: The next shift forward in how we rate and censor Hollywood. Weinstein has been skillfully stoking the flames of this controversy -- and that hasn't exactly hurt the film -- but in this case, he's absolutely right.

"Girls are like candy," says 12-year-old Alex Libby. "Sometimes you want a Hershey's bar, sometimes you want a Snickers...sometimes you want a popsicle. It's a complicated feeling."

The R-rating is based on a handful of swear words used by students in the film who, by the MPAA's standards, wouldn't be allowed to watch recordings of themselves, with a side of popcorn, without the company of an adult.

Alex Libby, the student bullied during this scene, spoke at the rating's appeal hearing, when it failed to be overturned by a single vote. His message was simple: Once my reality has been filtered through a camera lens, I'm not allowed to see it?

This is the strange truth behind the MPAA system: Isn't real life filled with violence, language, and sexual content? Why does turning this reality into art or entertainment suddenly render it unsafe for underage eyes?

Location Info


Harkins Camelview 5

7001 E. Highland Ave., Scottsdale, AZ

Category: Film

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